Women and Young People Leave Rural Iceland Skip to content

Women and Young People Leave Rural Iceland

According to a study on reduced population in 22 municipalities in rural Iceland, undertaken by the Institute of Regional Development between 1996 and 2006, those who leave these regions are mostly women and young people.

The Institute of Regional Development proposed further research into to reasons causing these groups of people to move away from rural Iceland so that proper measures can be taken to stop this development, Morgunbladid reports.

The study revealed that age distribution in some remote communities is rather skewed; there are very few members of the age groups 0-4 and 25-39.

The most likely reason for this development, according to the Institute of Regional Development, is lack of employment opportunities. Primary production industries are decreasing while few new job opportunities are offered instead.

In some communities heavy industry projects have been proposed as a solution to this problem, but other communities have more faith in the tourist industry.

The Institute of Regional Development mentioned that before the employment situation in rural Iceland can be improved, the transport system needs to be modernized.

The study focused on 22 municipalities where population has decreased by 15 percent or more in a period of 15 years.

Population in these communities has dropped by 20.9 percent on average, the most in Árneshreppur on the eastern West Fjords peninsula where 55.8 percent of residents have moved away in the past 15 years.

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