Vocabulary of Icelandic Youth on the Decline Skip to content
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Photo: Golli. An elementary school student in Borgarfjörður Eystri (photograph not directly related to the content of the article).

Vocabulary of Icelandic Youth on the Decline

According to the Head of Assessments at the Directorate of Education, declining reading interest and English language dominance have contributed to the decade-long drop in Icelandic youths’ reading comprehension. Students prioritise other activities than reading in their free time.

Free time spent doing something else

Reading comprehension among the Icelandic youth has been on the decline for a decade. In an interview with Mbl.is today, Freyja Birgisdóttir, Head of Assessments at the Directorate of Education, was asked to comment on this trend.

“Reading interest among young people today is not particularly high. It’s just a competition for time, and most choose to do something else in their free time instead of reading. Moreover, as repeatedly pointed out, including by [professor] Eiríkur Rögnvaldsson, Iceland is a very small language community and Icelandic is in decline,” Freyja observed, noting that the OECD´s Programme of International Student Assessment (PISA), which assesses the proficiency of 15-year olds in key academic areas, was really the only tool to compare the aptitude of Icelandic students to their neighbours.

Freyja also discussed the impact of English on the Icelandic language environment. “The vocabulary of Icelandic students is simply declining because they read less. This is compounded by the prevalence of English in their environment. So, if we compare ourselves to other countries with larger language communities, their mother tongue is much more present in their environment than in ours. That’s just a fact. Therefore, we need to be ten times more conscious in protecting Icelandic, and I think that’s also part of it. Proficiency in Icelandic is not as good as it used to be.”

Freyja told Mbl.is that work was underway on a new reading comprehension test for students from the 3rd to 10th grade. “It’s intended to be a kind of formative assessment, meaning the test aims to map the students’ status more precisely, identifying their strengths and weaknesses.”

There are hopes to implement the test, in stages, this spring.

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