The diet of Icelanders is healthier now than in the year 2002. Consumption of hard fat, sugared soda and added sugar has decreased, making way for more vegetables, fruit and whole wheat bread. Mbl.is reports this.
Photo by Páll Stefánsson.
However, the nation is far from reaching the recommended ideal diet. The consumption of Vitamin-D is also less than the recommended daily dose.
These findings are the result of a new national survey regarding the eating habits of Icelanders, conducted by the Directorate of Health, The Icelandic Food and Veterinary Authority and Unit for Nutrition Research.
In the survey, the eating habits of 1,312 people aged 18-80 were explored.
According to the survey, the consumption of salt has significantly decreased, but is still too high. Icelanders consumer more protein than neighboring nations and it is the most among those who consume protein drinks.
Milk consumption has plummeted since 2002 but fish consumption remains similar.
The researchers are pleased that the goals pertaining to limiting the consumption of Trans fat have been reached; they have all but disappeared from most Icelandic food groups other than those that contain them naturally.
Fruit consumption has increased by 54 percent since 2001 and vegetable consumption has increased by 19 percent. Despite this increase, consumption is still far below the recommended dose, which is 400 grams of fruit and vegetables each day. The average consumption is a total of 239 grams per day.
The consumption of sugared soda has decreased, being replaced by sugar-free ones. Young people who drink sugared soda more often than twice a week get much more of added sugar than recommended. The total consumption of soda beverages is similar to the last survey, just over a glass a day on average.
Water is the most common beverage, consumed approximately three glasses day on average. Consumption of milk has decreased by a third.
Consumption of whole wheat bread and oatmeal has doubled since 2002, whereas cookies and cake have decreased in popularity. Nonetheless, its consumption is double that of whole wheat bread.