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Photo: ILGA Europe Rainbow Map.

Iceland in Second Place for ILGA Europe “Rainbow Map”

A new report from ILGA Europe puts Iceland in second place in Europe when it comes to the rights of LGBTQIA+ people. This marks a significant climb from even last year, and from previous years.

Well above the average

The ILGA Europe report examines and assesses LGBTQIA+ rights in European countries on a number of criteria, including legislation, social attitudes, and related factors.

“With 83 points, Iceland jumped to second place with a rise of three places as a result of the new legislation banning conversion practices and ensuring the trans-specific healthcare is based on depathologisation,” the report notes.

In fact, Iceland’s position is well above the European Union average of 46.81%, and of Europe as a whole, at 41.56%. Iceland has been steadily climbing up the ranks since 2019, when it was at just 40.2%.

Good sides, and room for improvement

The report notes that Iceland has done exceptionally well in the areas of equality and non-discrimination, legal gender recognition, and civil society space. This in large part due to the Gender Autonomy Act, which encoded a number of rights for non-binary and binary trans people, and some protections for intersex people.

Iceland could stand to improve when it comes to intersex bodily integrity and asylum, ILGA Europe says. Their recommendations include “[i]ncluding express mention to all SOGIESC (sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, sex characteristics) grounds in policies designed to tackle hate crime”, “[i]ntroducing laws on asylum that contain express mention of all SOGIESC (sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, sex characteristics) grounds”, and “[r]eforming the prohibition of medical interventions on intersex minors to be universal”.

The full report on Iceland can be read here (.pdf).

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