Iceland is a constitutional republic with a multi-party political system. The Republic of Iceland was founded in 1944 after centuries under Norwegian and later Danish rule. Since 1944, Iceland has had six presidents and 20 Prime Ministers.
The President is Iceland’s Head of State, a ceremonial figurehead much like kings and queens in other Nordic countries and the UK. While they appoint ministers to Iceland’s cabinet and their signature is required for parliament-approved legislation to take effect, their political power is limited. Traditionally, their political role has been a passive one. Iceland’s current president is historian Guðni Th. Jóhannesson
The difference between Iceland’s presidents and monarchs in neighbouring countries is that the presidents have been known to exercise their political power in matters they considered especially important, by appointing controversial cabinets or vetoing legislation they believed unjust. These occasions are, however, very rare.